Origin: Africa, Asia (tropical & subtropical), Australasia

Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Supertribe: Andropogonodae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Andropogoninae
Scientific Name: Cymbopogon spp.

Indigenous (Noongar) Names: Djerp (C. ambiguus); djiraly (C. obtectus)
Folk Names: Sweet root


Element: Air
Day: Wednesday
Planet: Mercury
Zodiac: Gemini

Parts used: Leaf, essential oil

Magical Properties: Psychic awareness, cleansing, lust, protection, peace, divination, consecration, grounding

Substitutions: Lemon

Magical Uses


Part Used: Leaves
Extraction Method: Steam distillation
Flash Point: 71°C

Scent Type: Citrus
Perfume Note: Middle/top
Scent Description: Fresh, grassy, lemony

Active Constituents: Citral (65–85%)

Aromatherapeutic Use

Uplifting, stimulating, revitalising. Insect repellent.

Blends well with: Basil, cedar, lavender, tea-tree



Note: This information is provided for informational purposes only, do not use any plants medicinally without consulting with an appropriate medical professional.

Medicinal Properties: Analgesic, antibacterial, anticatarrhal, antifungal, antipyretic, antiseptic, carminative, stimulant

Active Constituents: Citral (65–85%), myrcene, citronellal, citronellol, linalool and geraniol

Indigenous/Traditional Medicinal Uses (of various species):



There are 53 different species of Cymbopogon. Of these, some of the most common are: Cymbopogon citratus (West Indian lemongrass) is the primary kind from South-East Asia, used in cooking and for essential oil; C. flexuosus (East Indian lemongrass) is also used to produce essential oil; C. ambiguus (Australian lemon-scented grass) is the most common Australian species that the name ‘lemongrass’ is applied to.

Type: Grass
Plant Height: 1m-2m
Leaves: Long, thin, yellow-green leaves (up to 1m long), sometimes with a slightly rough texture

Etymology: The genus name comes from the Greek words kymbe (boat) and pogon (beard), in reference to the boat-shapes spathes the flower spikelets emerge from. ‘Lemongrass’ is in reference to the grasses' fragrance.

In the Garden

Type: Perennial
Sow: Spring
Light: Full sun
Water: Keep moist
Soil: Well-drained

Companion Planting: Basil, coriander, echinacea, lemon verbena, marigold, mint, thyme