Origin: Central Asia
Scientific Name: Allium sativum
Folk Names: Ajo, garlicke, Por Man’s Treacle, Stinkweed
Parts Used: Bulb, flower
Garlic is closely related to onions, shallots, leeks, chives, and Chinese onions.
Type: Perennial herb
Plant size: up to 1m
Leaves: Leaf blades are flat, linear, solid, and 1.5-2.5cm wide
Flowers: Edible pink/purple flowers
Bulb: Bulb contains 10-20 cloves
Etymology: “Garlic” comes from the Old English garleac, with gar meaning ‘spear’ to mean “spear-shaped leek”.
In the Garden
Light: Full sun
Soil: Loose, dry well-drained soil
- Individual garlic cloves can be planted (point-up) to grow entire new plants.
- You can remove the flowering stem when it’s produced to encourage bulb growth.
- Harvest in late spring or early summer.