Medicinal Properties of Herbs
Adaptogens are substances which help to regulate and normalise bodily systems.
Alteratives are herbs that are said to alter illness, purify blood, improve appetite, and detoxify.
Herbs: Dandelion, licorice
Analgesics help to relieve pain without causing unconsciousness.
Herbs: Chamomile, lemongrass
Anthelmintics kill or expel intestinal worms.
Herbs: Aloe vera, garlic, mugwort, myrrh, wormwood
Antibacterial substances destroy or inhibit the growth of bacteria.
Herbs: Aloe Vera, eucalyptus, lavender, lemongrass, melaleuca, myrrh, sage
Anticatarrhals herbs help to clear excess mucus discharge, especially of the nose and throat.
Herbs: Chilli, garlic, lavender, lemongrass, sage, thyme
Antiemetics alleviate nausea and vomiting.
Herbs: Chilli, dill, lavender, lemon balm
Antifungal substances destroy or inhibit the growth of fungi.
Herbs: Garlic, lavender, lemongrass, melaleuca, sage
Anti-inflammatories prevent or reduce inflammatory responses, such as swelling, tenderness, and associated pain.
Herbs: Aloe Vera, calendula, chamomile, frankincense, ginger, licorice, myrrh, turmeric
Anti-microbial substances are used to treat infections by killing or inhibiting the growth of micro-organisms (like bacteria and fungi).
Herbs: Calendula, chilli, cloves, coriander, garlic, lavender, licorice, peppermint, rosemary, sage, thyme, wormwood
Antioxidants are substances which have the ability to inhibit the oxidation to cells caused by free radicals.
Herbs: Garlic, lavender, myrrh, sage
Antiparasitic substances destroy or inhibit the growth of parasites.
Herbs: Anise, garlic, myrrh,
Antipyretic substances help to reduce fevers.
Herbs: Calendula, chilli, lemon balm, lemongrass, peppermint, thyme
Antiseptic substances are used to prevent infections by inhibiting the growth or reproduction of micro-organisms (like bacteria and fungi).
Herbs: Chamomile, lavender, lemongrass, melaleuca, myrrh
Anti-spasmodics help to relieve convulsions and muscle spasms.
Herbs: Anise, chamomile, dill, lavender, sage, thyme
Antiviral substances destroy or inhibit the growth of viruses.
Herbs: Garlic, sage
Aromatic herbs have a fragrant odour and mild stimulant properties.
Herbs: Chamomile, cinnamon, coriander, dill, ginger, peppermint, rosemary
Astringent substances cause the tightening/constricting of tissues.
Herbs: Myrrh, rosemary, sage
Bitter herbs not only have a bitter flavour, but are thought to trigger a number of responses from the central nervous system, including stimulating appetite and gastrointestinal function.
Herbs: Dandelion root, wormwood
Carminative herbs help to relieve flatulence.
Herbs: Anise, chamomile, chilli, cinnamon, dill, ginger, lavender, lemon balm, lemongrass, peppermint, rosemary
Cholagogues are substances which stimulate the gall bladder to promote the flow of bile into the intestine.
Decongestants are used to reduce congestion, especially of the sinuses.
Herbs: Eucalyptus, garlic, lavender, melaleuca, sage
Demulcent substances are soothing, particularly in reference to inflammation or irritated mucous membranes.
Diaphoretic substances are used to stimulate perspiration.
Herbs: Chamomile, chilli, ginger, lavender tea, lemon balm, peppermint
Diuretics are substances which increase the amount of urine expelled.
Herbs: Dandelion leaf, dill, sage
Emetic substances cause vomiting.
Herbs: Lemon balm
Emmenagogue substances induce or hasten menstruation. Some of these should be avoided while pregnant, as this action can lead to complications.
Herbs: Aloe vera, calendula, chamomile, dill, ginger, mugwort, myrrh, peppermint, rosemary, thyme, wormwood
Emmolients soothe, soften, and sooth irritation, especially in regards to the skin.
Herbs: Licorice, rose petals
Expectorants reduce the thickness of and promote the ejection of mucus from the respiratory tract.
Herbs: Anise, dill, eucalyptus, lavender, licorice, myrrh, sage, thyme
Hepatic substances aid liver function.
Herbs: Dandelion, rosemary, wormwood
Laxatives are substances which promote bowel movements.
Herbs: Dandelion leaf & root, licorice
Nervines are herbs which are believed to sooth/calm the nervous system, reducing anxiety and stress.
Herbs: Chamomile, dill, lavender, lemon balm, peppermint, rosemary, sage, thyme, wormwood
Rubefacients are substances which are used to cause mild irritation to the skin, in order to relieve greater inflammation in nearby tissues.
Herbs: Chilli, garlic, ginger, peppermint, rosemary
Sedatives depress the central nervous system, causing a calming effect and suppressing various bodily functions.
Sialagogues promote the flow of saliva.
Herbs: Chilli, ginger
Stimulants are substances which accelerate bodily functions, and usually promote a sense of well-being.
Herbs: Calendula, chilli, cinnamon, dandelion, garlic, lemongrass, peppermint, rosemary, wormwood
Tonics are substances which are supposed to restore or improve health, promoting vigour and a sense of well-being.
Herbs: Calendula, chamomile, chilli, dandelion, garlic, licorice, mugwort, thyme
Vulnerary substances are used to assist in the healing of wounds.
Herbs: Aloe, calendula, garlic, thyme
References: Definitions sourced from The Free Dictionary: Medical Dictionary