Origin: Central America

Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Capsiceae
Scientific Name: Capsicum annuum

Folk names: Aji, bell pepper, capsicum, chilli, chilli pepper, paprika, peppers

Most (if not all) domestically-produced chillis and capsicums (including paprika, jalapenos, cayenne, pimento, etc) are derived from cultivars of this one species.


Element: Fire
Day: Tuesday
Planet: Mars
Zodiac: Aries

Parts used: Berries

Magical Properties: Exorcism, protection, passion, health

The hotter/spicier chillis have a more aggressive, strong energy, whereas milder/sweeter varieties have a more mellow energy. Choose accordingly for your intended purpose.

Substitutions: Garlic, black pepper


There are 20-30 species of Capsicum, although most cultivars come from the species Capsicum annuum.

Type: Shrubby herb
Plant Height: up to 60cm
Leaves: Green, glossy, ovate/pointed leaves
Flowers: Single, off-white flowers
Fruit: Berries, ranging in size, and green, yellow, orange, or read when ripe

In the Garden

Type: Perennial
Sow: Spring
Light: Full sun
Water: Keep moist
Soil: Rich, well-draining

Companion Planting: Oregano, carrots, tomato, and onions.