Origin: Central Asia

Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Scientific Name: Malus domestica

Folk Names: Fruit of the gods, fruit of the underworld, silver bough, tree of love


Element: Water
Day: Friday
Planet: Venus
Zodiac: Taurus
Associated Celebrations: ShadowFest
Deities: Aphrodite, Apollo, Diana, Flora, Hercules, the Hesperides, Idunn, Olwen, Pomona, Venus

Parts Used: Fruit, blossoms, juice/cider

Magical Properties: Love, happiness, fertility, lust, wisdom, healing

Substitutions: Apricot


Apples can be troubling to identify in mythology and historical accounts, as ‘apple’ was used as a generic term for fruits and nuts until the 17th century. However:

Magical Uses



Apples are often eaten raw, but are also juiced, made into cider, preserved, or cooked into desserts such as apple pies.


Apples originated in Central Asia, and have been grown domestically for 6-10,000 years in Asia and Europe.

Type: Deciduous tree
Plant size: Up to 9m in the wild
Leaves: Dark-green oval-shaped leaves, with serrated edges and slightly downy undersides, arranged alternately
Flowers: Spring: 3-4cm diameter white/pink flowers with 5 petals, in groups of 4-6
Fruit: Late summer/autumn: Round, up to 9cm diameter, with red, yellow, and green skin colourings

Etymology: The word ‘apple’ comes from the Proto-Indo-European “ab(e)l”, which is believed to refer to fruit in general.

In the Garden

Type: Deciduous tree
Sow: Winter
Light: Full/part sun
Soil: Rich, moist, well-drained

Companion Planting: Chives. Nasturtiums nearby are thought to prevent sawfly and woolly aphids. Garlic, tansy, lavender, parsnip.

Apple trees make potatoes prone to blight.